These pages are a labour of love. History is a moving feast rather than a fixed entity and these pages will reflect that with additions, modifications,
corrections and updates on a regular basis. Information will be added for each period on an opportunity basis.
Vikings - Viking invaders are thought to have been on Shetland from the mid 7th century. Significant raiding of the Hebrides and the mainland
is well documented in the late 8th and early 9th centuries with particular reference to attacks on monasteries.
685 - Dun Nechtain
8th Century = 700-799
Adomnán’s Life of Columba
9th Century = 800-899
843 - Reign of Cináed mac Ailpín (Kenneth MacAlpin), King of Dál Riata and of the Picts. Traditionally regarded as first king of Scotland.
862 - Reign of Causantín mac Cináeda (Constantine I), King of the Picts
10th Century = 900-999
937 - Battle of Brunanburh
11th Century = 1000-1099
1040 - Duncan 1st murdered by MacBeth
1058 - Malcolm III (Canmore) crowned
12th Century = 1100-1199
1124 - Reign of King David 1st
1158 - Somerled established control of the Kingdom of the Isles
1165 - Reign of King William 1st (the Lion)
13th Century = 1200-1299
1263 - Battle of Largs
1290 - Death of the ‘Maid of Norway’ ushering in a succession crisis
1296 - King Edward 1st of England (Hammer of the Scots) stole the Stone of Destiny
1297 - William Wallace defeated Edward at Stirling Bridge
14th Century = 1300-1399
1314 - Robert the Bruce defeated Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn.
1320 - Declaration of Arbroath
15th Century = 1400-1499
1406 - James 1st (Stewart) captured by the English thus delaying his coronation till 1424.
1 NB. All dates will use the new convention of BCE and CE instead of the exclusive Christo-centric BC and AD. BCE : Before the Common Era (In
Western circles this used to be referred to as BC = Before Christ). CE: Common Era (In Western circles this used to be referred to as AD = Anno Domini
‘The Year of Our Lord’)